Architectures in Ephesus Ancient City

Ephesus Ruins in Turkey

The first Ephesus was founded in b.c 6.000. The city was named Apasas during the Hittite time. The port city of Ephesus was moved around the temple of Artemis. Today’s Ephesus was founded in b.c 300 by Lysimachus, one of the generals of Alexander the Great. Ephesus had 200.000 population because it was the capital and the largest port city. Ephesus removed, in Byzantiun period, to Ayasuluk Hill in Selcuk.

The Most Important Features of the Ancient City of Ephesus?

The ancient city of Ephesus was a port city. It was running as the main gate between East and West. Because of the location of the city, the city was the most important trade and political center and it became the capital in Roman era. In addition to this,there is the largest temple of the cult of Artemis. The Temple of Artemis is one of the seven wonders in the world. Ephesus was an old Greek city. It is 3 kilometres far from Selçuk / İzmir today. During the Greek era, Ephesus was one of the Ionian cities. Its foundation dates back to b.c 6.000.

Columnar arrangements in Ephesus, Turkey

Turks took Ayasuluk in 1330. It began to decrease from the sixteenth century. After Mustafa Kemal Atatürk founded the republic of Turkey in 1923, Ephesus  became a tourist attraction. Ephesus played an important role in history as a centre of culture, civilization and science. Because it was relocated many times, the city spread more than 8 km². After many excavations and restorations, we are able to see some parts of this spread. Some of these parts are:

  • Ayasuluk Hill that the church of St. Jean is on and that is the earliest settlement area.
  • The Temple of Artemis 
  • The ancient city of Ephesus
  • Selçuk that the antique settlement is located in.

Ephesus is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Turkey today because it was an important civilization, trade and political center in the past.

The British museum started the first excavations in Ephesus in 1869. The Temple of Artemis was discovered by J.T Wood before 1904. Austrian archaeologist Otto Benndorf started Ephesus excavations in 1895. These excavations were interrupted with the world wars. The Republic of Turkey continues restorations and excavations since 1954.


Magnesia Gate

East Gymnasium and Agora baths

Agora and Basilica 


Prytaneion – Prytaneion (City Hall)

The temple of Domitianus

Pollio Fountain

Monument of Memmius

Herakles Gate

Kuretler Street

Scholastic Bath


Traian Fountain

Yamac Houses

Varius Baths

The temple of Hadrianus

House of Love

Stoa of Alytarkhus



Marble Street

The Library of Celsus 


Mithridates Gate

Agora of Trade

The Great Theatre

Harbour Street

Gymnasion of Theatre

Harbour Bath

The House of Virgin Mary


Gate of Palace

Stadium Street

The Temple of Artemis

Seven Sleepers

The Church of ST.Jeani

İsa Bey Mosque

Ayasuluk Church

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