The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
It was designed by the architect Chersiphron and it was ruled by wealthy king Lydia between 560 and 546 BC. It was first to be entirely made of marble and one of the largest Greek temples that ever built. To prevent the danger from earthquakes, it was constructed on marshy ground and the foundation laid on a bed of packed charcoal and sheepskins.
Pliny continues by saying that the temple had 127 columns, each measuring sixty feet in height. It is identified as a dipteral octastyle by Vitruvius (III.2.7), with two rows of columns around the temple and eight on the front and back facades. However, the few scattered objects show no ground strategy. A double row of twenty-one columns along the sides, three on each side, is one way to get the required number of columns.
Facts about the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
- The temple is also called as Artemesium or Diana, and is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
- The Artemesium was renowned not only for its enormous size, which measured over 350 by 180 feet (about 110 by 55 meters), but also for the beautiful artwork that adorned it.
- Invading Goths ruined the temple in 262 CE, and it was never restored. Both Croesus’ and the 4th-century temples, as well as three earlier smaller ones, have been discovered during excavations.
- Artemis, an un-Greek representation of a mummylike goddess standing stiffly straight with her hands stretched outward, has been copied. Gold, ebony, silver, and black stone were used to build the original statue.
- Artemis who is the god of Olympian was also the daughter of Zeus and Leto.
- The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was used as a house of worship and marketplace at different times in history.
- One of the reasons it was not restored was the prohibitively high cost of renovation.
- Any of the columns in Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia church are believed to have come from the Temple of Artemis.