The ancient city of Ephesus, located in the Selçuk district of Izmir, contains the breeze of different civilizations, including Roman, Greek and Turkish. In the ancient city of Ephesus, which is quite large, there are libraries, temples, long roads and buildings that provide accommodation. If there are still those among you who have not seen this magnificent building, your curiosity will increase after reading our article and you will want to go and see it via our tour.
Where is Ephesus Ancient City?
Ephesus is located in the İzmir district of Selçuk. It is one of the first tourism centers to come to mind when it comes to discussing the Aegean. It came from the ancient Greeks to this very day. It fell under the dominion of the Roman Empire until the Turks conquered it. Ephesus Ancient City today is visited regularly by both local and international visitors. Not only for locals, but also for world heritage, any historical building in the city is very significant.
When Was Ephesus Ancient City Founded and Who Found It?
The Ephesus history dates back to 3000 BC. It is believed to have been founded at that time by women warriors. These women fighters are referred to as “Amazon” It is believed that the Ancient City of Ephesus had a history of around 8 thousand years. One of the most notable examples of the Polished Stone Age is the Ephesus Ancient Region. This is one of the few masterpieces that has survived to the modern day.
How Was Life in the Ancient City of Ephesus?
Before Christ, Ephesus was home to refugees in the 1000s. And at the time, it was a port city. The refugees who came by sea to today's Izmir frontier arrived first at Ephesus. The majority of immigrants lived in Ephesus and made a living there because of the growth of commercial life. Much of the ruins of Ephesus that have survived until today are from General Lisimahos' time.
Architecture of the Ancient City of Ephesus
One of the most outstanding aspects of Ephesus is that at right angles to each other, all roads and streets converge. “The founder of this architecture is Hippodamos and this architecture is called the “Grid Plan”. Ephesus was designed and adorned with marble works, one of the most sophisticated cities in the world in its day, requiring high technology and abilities, depending on the conditions at that time. It was also the Capital of the Asian State for a time. Its demand is predicted to be about two hundred thousand at the time.
Ephesus, however, had a terrible tragedy after a while. The port of Ephesus, which has the largest share of the city's enrichment, began to fill up and lost its port characteristics. And this scenario slowed the exchange down. Emperor Hadrian, who was attempting to prevent the disaster, drained the harbour several times. He could not, however, avoid this happening.
World Famous Monuments in Ephesus
In an area of 8-9 kilometers, the ruins of Ephesus still occur. Every year, nearly one and a half million visitors from different parts of the world visit Ephesus today.
The Temple of Artemis, the House of the Virgin Mary, The theatre, Marble Road, Celsus Library, Mazaeus Gate, Commercial Agora, Hadrian's Gate and Temple, Curetes Street, The Scholastica Baths, The Terrace Houses, Hercules Gate, Memmius Monument, The Polio Fountain, The Domitian Temple, Temples of Dea Roma, Dilcus Julius and Prytaneion, The Odeon, Isa Bey Mosque, St. John's Cathedral and more of that you can find all of them in the ancient city of Ephesus in Turkey.
For early Christians as well, Ephesus was an important place. Saint Paul visited the city and wrote his letter to the Ephesians, Saint John lived and died in Ephesus, and the Virgin Mary spent her last years here. The House of the Virgin Mary and St. John's Cathedral are must see places in the city of Ephesus in our tours.
These are other trips.